It is said that around half a million people visit Machu Picchu every year; the Inca ruins is on the bucket list of most world travellers and should be on yours, it is a marvel of a site and google imaged alone can’t do it justice. So how high is Machu Picchu you might be thinking? The ruin is set in the Andes Mountain range in Peru located at 7972 feet above sea level and if you plan on visiting Machu
Picchu, the starting point for most travel to the site is in the city of Cusco, where you will; need to take a few days to acclimatise.
How do you get to Machu Picchu?
You can either catch a train or hike to the Inca site. If you plan to do one of the many hikes, it is advisable to take a few days to rest before you start your trek, to acclimatize to the altitude in Cusco. Some people are more susceptible to altitude sickness than others, so for your own reference, some of the symptoms of Altitude sickness include headaches, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, sleep problems and loss of appetite. Symptoms usually come on around 12 to 24 hours after entering the altitude and usually get better a day or two later when your body adjusts to the change. When you travel to Machu Picchu make sure you are prepared, the climate can be extremely cold one minute and hot the next. So make sure you take a bottle of water, a hat, sunscreen and a waterproof jacket with you. It is a great idea to dress in layers and start peeling, as the weather gets warmer.
On a guided tour to Machu Picchu, you will receive an informative tour, which is the best way of learning about all the different sections of the site.
After you have finished your tour, you can roam around and go back to the places that interested you. The ruin is divided into many different parts that you will want to explore; the urban area is where the occupants lived and where there were major religious activities separated from the rest of Machu Picchu by a wall. In the Hanan Sector, is where you will find the Sun Temple, the tower was used for ceremonies for the June solstice. The Hanan sector also has a Sacred Plaza, which includes the best buildings of Machu Picchu; this is where you will find the temple of Three Windows and the main temple, which is thought to have been the main ceremonial precinct of the city. The Real Residence is one of the finest in the city, the residence features a private terrace overlooking the east side of the city.
The Intihuatana stone sits on top of a hill, is one of the most studied places of Machu Picchu, and was clearly one of the most sacred places, it is thought to have had an astronomical purpose. The Hurin or low sector also features the Sacred Rock and the grand stone staircase that runs along the system of 16 artificial waterfalls. Lastly, you have the Agricultural area, which is a set of terraces to the south of Machu Picchu; these look like a set of giant set of stairs
but were actually used for growing food. It is a great idea to get yourself a Machu Picchu Map and study all of the areas of Machu Picchu that you want to visit, as you will see the site is divided up so it is very hard to get lost. On the internet, you can take a Machu Picchu virtual tour, which will give you a great idea of the layout of the site and a great head start before visiting the ruins.
Machu Picchu is open daily from 6:00 am to 5:00 pm so you will have plenty of time to visit all aspects of the site.
These days there are two entrances to the site, one opens in the morning and the other in the afternoon. There are hikes that you can do while at Machu Picchu; Huayna Picchu, which is the peak in front of Machu Picchu, can be hiked, but you need to book in advance as tickets for the Huayna Picchu hike sell out quickly. For a free 2 hour walk visit the Sun Gate, from there, the views of Machu Picchu are spectacular, especially on a clear day. Make sure that before any trip into Cusco of Machu Picchu, that you bring some altitude medicine from home, it is better to have it just in case you find your self affected by the altitude, drink plenty of fluids and take it
easy for the first few days before going to Machu Picchu. Book your trip today all the yes men and women out there! What are you waiting for?]]>